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Summary

This is an appeal of a May 2023 decision by a district court judge in Florida to preliminarily enjoin (block) a DHS policy authorizing, in certain circumstances, the release from detention of some asylum seekers and instead monitoring them via less expensive and arguably more humane alternatives to detention, like via GPS ankle bracelet, while the federal government processes their claims for humanitarian protection (which can take years, through no fault of the asylum seekers). The district court judge held that Florida (which brought the suit) is likely to succeed in proving that the policy (known as the “Parole with Conditions” policy) is contrary to an immigration statute and did not go through required procedures. 

This appeal is consolidated with the Biden Administration’s appeal of an earlier decision (in a separate case also brought by Florida) by the same district court judge to vacate (nullify) a predecessor to the Parole with Conditions policy, known as the “Parole+ATD” policy (ATD stands for “alternatives to detention”).

Shortly after filing this appeal, the Biden Administration asked the Eleventh Circuit to stay (pause) the district court’s preliminary injunction of the Parole with Conditions policy.  The Eleventh Circuit denied that motion on June 5, 2023.

Under the expedited briefing schedule ordered by the Eleventh Circuit, the appeal was fully briefed on July 3, 2023. In December 2023, amici curiae Americans for Immigrant Justice, Catholic Charities, and three small law firms requested to participate in oral argument; the Eleventh Circuit denied that motion without explanation on January 8, 2024.

Oral argument took place on January 26, 2024 in Atlanta, Georgia. The Eleventh Circuit could issue a decision at any time.

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